Why our work is needed?
The results of the Periodic Household Survey (EPM) 2010 estimate the population size of Madagascar at just over twenty million people, 20% in urban and 80% in rural areas.
The average annual wage is Ar 1.388 million ($700). This amount is lowest in agricultural sector, around Ar 674 000 ($340). Nearly 82% of households have incomes below or at best equal to their basic needs
Poverty is nationwide: 49,1% earns below 1$ per day; according to world bank classification, income is still very low indeed; basic needs including food, education and decent shelter remain unsatisfied.
86.5% of the households live in a traditional housing, especially in rural areas. Their houses are usually little more than shacks made from compacted mud and poorly attached thatched roofs, which provide little or no protection from diseases, robbery and cyclones On average, a household is occupying a unit of 26 square meters. More than seven out of ten housing are made of basic materials (bark, dirt, plank).
Madagascar needs 100,000 new houses a year with a yearly demographic increase of 3% while decent housing deficit is estimated at more than 2 millions.
People often use collected wood (in rural areas) and charcoal (in urban areas) for cooking, and paraffin for light source.
More than half of households (54%) get their water from rivers and unprotected sources for cooking.
Four out of ten households have improved toilet while five out of ten households defecate in the wild due to lack of sanitation facilities in households.
The garbage collection is still a privilege of the urban environment and especially the capital. Rural households dispose themselves of their garbage.
Fever or suspicion of malaria, diarrhea, coughs more than three weeks and acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the main diseases affecting the population in Madagascar
Drought, flooding and cyclones are the most common disasters. These three shocks affect more than half of households. Over 80% of households report having lost part of their income while 25% said they had lost property.
The average loss estimated by each household is 100 000 Ariary ($50), almost the average monthly income ($700 per year or $58 per month)
In addition, 72% of the households say they will recover from the shock in more than a year or never. Many households are struggling to make ends meet and that a shock can cause serious consequences in their lives.
Source: INSTAT/DSM/EPM2010 - National Housing Policy 2006